USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE 413) Battle Ensign Donated to Navy

Roberts Flag 2Last month, a truly unique piece of history found a new home in the collection of the Naval History and Heritage Command (NHHC). The 48 star battle ensign of the destroyer escort USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE 413) was transferred from a private collection to the Material Section at NHHC.

For those who aren’t familiar with the story of the “Sammy B,” it is one of the truly legendary stories in the U.S. Navy’s history. In October 1944, as Allied landing forces swarmed the beaches of Leyte, in the Philippines, the Japanese Navy rallied their remaining forces for one last desperate naval battle. A series of far-ranging engagements covering hundreds of miles around the Philippine Islands, which came to be known as the Battle of Leyte Gulf, saw this massive Japanese force defeated in stunning fashion. But they came perilously close to inflicting major damage to the Allied landing forces, if not for the heroic efforts of “Taffy III,” a small, overmatched American force of escort carriers, destroyers, and destroyer escorts. During this engagement on 25 October, which came to be known as the Battle Off Samar, the deadly Japanese Center Force, comprised of destroyers, cruisers, and battleships – including the superbattleship Yamato – slipped through to the eastern side of the Philippines, and was bearing down on the lightly defended Allied landing forces. The only thing stopping the Center Force from raining destruction on the landing beach was Taffy III. In what amounted to a suicidal charge, the American destroyers and destroyer escorts turned and steamed directly into the face of the Japanese battle line. Pounding away with torpedoes and 5″ gunfire, and supported by aircraft, the ships of Taffy III achieved the impossible, as the Japanese armada turned and headed home before reaching their target.

In achieving this victory, the U.S. Navy suffered terrible casualties. An escort carrier and two destroyers were lost, as was the Roberts. The story of this lightly armed and armored destroyer escort, steaming straight into a force of Japanese battleships, cruisers, and destroyers, has come to epitomize the highest ideals of the U.S. Navy. Along with the larger destroyers of Taffy III, the Sammy B. inflicted heavy damage on the Japanese force, firing hundreds of 5″ shells and scoring hits with her torpedoes. But in a toe-to-toe slugging match with larger ships, the little DE was doomed, and was soon afire and dead in the water. As her crew abandoned ship, Chief Torpedoman Rudy Skau retrieved her battle ensign, and tucked it safely away. The ship went down, and her crew floated for nearly 3 days awaiting rescue, with many survivors perishing from wounds and shark attacks.

Years later, Skau passed along the tattered flag to his employer, James Massick, a 1954 graduate of the University of Washington. Massick had his own personal connection to the Roberts. While a student at the University of Washington, he met Captain Robert Copeland, who had commanded the Sammy B. during the battle, and was awarded the Navy Cross for his inspirational leadership. Copeland was a 1935 graduate of the University of Washington’s Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps, and he encouraged Massick to apply for the program, which he did. Massick eventually graduated and was commissioned as an Ensign. Early in 2013, Massick contacted Captain David Melin, Commanding Officer of the school’s NROTC unit, and offered to return the priceless battle ensign to the Navy. Captain Melin contacted the Naval Historical Foundation, and we arranged to have the flag officially donated to the Navy’s collection at the Washington Navy Yard. It is currently in the possession of NHHC, for preservation and framing. It will be loaned back to the NROTC unit for display on the University of Washington campus later this year. We were pleased to play a very small role in finding the best home for this symbol of the U.S. Navy’s finest hour.

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  1. Pingback: Memorial Day: USS Samuel B. Roberts

  2. Reply

    I am glad they were able to save the Sammy B flag. To me it is inportant to save our history of our military who made it possible for our freedom we have today. My dad was in the US Coast Guard and my wifes dad was in the Army, so we both are very grateful for every person that is in the military and serves our country. I watch the Military channel all the time and I saw story about the battle the Sammy B and all the other ships were in.

  3. Reply

    I am glad they were able to save the Sammy B flag. I am proud of all of the men and women that serve our country in the military today and every time I see and vet at the store wearing a cap of where they served, I thank for their serves to our country and I can tell when it brings a smile to their face how much it ment to them when I thank them.

  4. george skinner


    I joined the Marine Corps in 1966 and my branch of service is famed for it’s fights with bad odds and for the damage it inflicted on our opponents. All Marines should read about the Samuel B Roberts. The man won a Navy Cross for saving Marines and his namesake ship will always be held as one of the most courageous in Navy history. As a side note to put things in perspective for Marines especially, do you realize that in the battle for Guadalcanal where Roberts won his Navy Cross that more sailors were killed at that horrible island than were Marines. That is an amazing fact. My deepest respect for your courage. “The last stand of the tin can sailors”
    is an excellent account of the battle off Samar. A toast to you all.

    • John Collins


      I have had the privilege of speaking with one of Jack Yusen’s sons, regarding a tribute project in Commander Evan’s home town. When I speak of this only a few are aware of, what I refer to as, the best naval documentary in history. When they do and I mention the primary interview of the program, nobody immediately relates to the name. They think for a moment, point their index finger between their eyes and ask: ‘Is that Jack Yusen?’ I can proudly say: ‘Yes, that is Jack Yusen.’

  5. Alan Raulin


    The battle ensign of the USS Samuel B. Roberts was soaked in the blood of her sailors, the oil of its ship, and the salt water of Leyte Gulf. God bless those brave tin can sailors who steamed into harm’s way knowing the odds were against them but fought to defend the Marines, soldiers and Seabees on the beachhead.

  6. Patti Willis


    My uncle, the late John E. Harrington, talked about and wrote about the Sammy B every day of his life after surviving the ship’s sinking. Only now am I appreciating the meaning of all this. May God rest his soul and the souls of all his shipmates and all who died that day.

  7. Darlene Ross Key


    My uncle Charles Alexander was on the Samuel B Roberts. He was 19 or 20 years old when the ship went down and his body never recovered. My dad talked about his brother proudly. As dad has passed away I have my uncle Charles Purple Heart. I will pass this on to my daughter along with the story of these brave Navy men.

  8. John Collins


    My birth town, Muskogee, is building a new football stadium to replace the 1934 WPA stadium behind AR junior high. I learned, just today, there are no names pending. My submission of ‘Taffy Three Memorial Stadium’ will be the first presented to the school board. At the same time, my suggestion for changing the eponymous high school name to ‘Commander Ernest Evans High School’ will be submitted as well. I must acknowledge Carsten Fries, of the National Heritage and History Commission, for briefing me on naval insight when choosing an appropriate title to honor the bravest sailors in history.

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